Certificate of Proficiency in Digital Evidence & eDiscovery Law Practice in Nigeria

Weekly training modules are based on the textbook: DIGITAL EVIDENCE & eDISCOVERY LAW PRACTICE IN NIGERIA by the Convener of the course Emeka Arinze Esq, LLM, M.I.T (info-tech), CBSP (Certified Biometric & Surveillance Professional, CDEA (Certified Digital Evidence Analyst), CCI (Certified Cybercrime Investigator), CFP (Certified Forensic Professional).

Learn More About Emeka Arinze

WEEK

2

5 hours to complete
An Overview of the Law of Evidence: The Pre-Digital and the Digital Age, incorporating the Understanding of Integrated Circuits, Binary Digits & their Evidentiary Values. See Chapters 1 and 2 of the book for further reading
Part A – The Pre-Digital Age

The analog age, a period in time when devices, such as telephone had just one function; attention was abundant, but information was scarce. A period in time when technologies lived alongside and in parallel to each other, but rarely interconnected; when photographic images were captured on pieces of transparent plastic “film” coated with silver-based chemicals, which reacted to light, developed and chemically processed in a laboratory; a period in time when sounds were recorded with old-fashioned cassette recorder.

Digital evolution marked the beginning of the information age. Central to this phenomenon is the mass production and widespread use of digital logic circuit, and its derived accompaniments, such as the computer, cellular technology and the Internet. The digital era, where everything is interconnected; products are digitised; photographs transform into bits; knowledge moves from encyclopedia to Wikipedia; the phone book now online directory; printed magazine becomes websites; an era that ushered in online matching platform such as Uber transport services, in which driver-partners who offer their vehicles for use, are matched with passengers who seek to reach a destination; an era where the use of computer animation to illustrate expert witnesses’ reconstruction of crime and accident are now common place in the court room.

The Focus of the Part A of this Weekly Module

The law, as often said, is a living construct; it develops in synch with evolutionary trend, bringing new challenges and new opportunities into the courtroom. No event in human history has changed the way our judicial system interacted, communicated and exchanged information more than the digital revolution. In many ways, its potential for change is no more evident or direct than in the law of evidence. No doubt, the revolution has heightened and so quickly becomes so prevalent that there are no corners of our judicial system where its light will not eventually become visible. This weekly focus chronicles the old fashion conversation by way of evaluation of the state of the law of evidence before the advent of the cyber culture that heralded the new order. You may want to imagine the practice of law of evidence before the evolution of the Internet, email, social media, voice-to-text programs, digital imagery, instant messaging, etc.

Gains and Benefit

On completion of the lecture as espoused in the video, reading activity, quiz and assessment, you will be able to understand:

  • the earlier conversation: the law of evidence and its essence; forms and nature of evidence; the concept of document and “original”;
  • witnesses and hearsay rule;
  • the new age conversation and
  • world of digits and its versed terrain of essential evidentiary tools of the digital age

Part B - Understanding of Integrated Circuits, Binary Digits & their Evidentiary Values.

An integrated circuit, or IC, is small chip that can function as an amplifier, oscillator, timer, microprocessor, or even computer memory. An IC is a small wafer, usually made of silicon, that can hold anywhere from hundreds to millions of transistors, resistors, and capacitors.

The binary system uses base 2 rather than base 10 which we are familiar with for counting in everyday life. The binary system used by computers is based on 2 numerals; 0 and 1. So you count 0, 1, there is no numeral for 2, so 2 is represented by 10 or "one 2 and no units". In the same way that there is a units, tens, hundreds, thousands place in the decimal system, in the binary system there is a units, twos, fours, eights, sixteens place etc. in the binary system. The binary numbering system, is the basis for storage, transfer and manipulation of data in computer systems and digital electronic devices.

The Focus of the Part B of this Weekly Module

This lecture focuses on two main ideas about digital information: how digital information is stored, and how that stored information is translated into textual data.

Gains and Benefit

On completion of the lecture as espoused in the video, reading activity, quiz and assessment, you will be able to understand:

  • Understand and have a grasp of why binary is used in computers and electronics and its relevance in digital evidence;
  • Articulate the connection between binary and transistors;
  • Articulate how numbers are translated into letters using an ASCII table.
4 Videos (Total 40 min), 1 reading, 1 quiz, 1 assignment SEE ALL
4 videos
The Earlier Conversation vs. The New Age Conversation
World of Digits
Binary & Data
Introduction to Number Systems & Binary
1 readings
Module Guide
1 quiz
Activity - Answer a 30 min question & answer test
1 assignment
Assignment of the week